An Apology 100 Years In The Making

Arthur Family in 1920

The Arthur Family after leaving Paris, Texas, for Chicago in September 1920. (Photo by Chicago Defender)

1920 lynching in Paris, Texas, recalled during remembrance ceremony, could lead to further cultural change

Racial tension and unrest are rampant throughout the United States, and Lamar County is not immune to the troubles. But a recent 100-year remembrance ceremony in Paris, Texas, during which descendants of two families gathered to acknowledge the horrific lynching of two Black men a century ago, could be the seminal moment that helps the town overcome events of its past and develop a path forward in race relations.

On July 6, 1920, brothers Herman and Irving Arthur were lynched and burned alive at the Lamar County Fairgrounds by a mob after they were accused of killing John H. Hodges and William M. Hodges during a dispute. Theirs was the 12th documented lynching in Paris dating back to 1892. After the murders, the Arthur family moved to Chicago.

The remembrance ceremony was the brainchild of Melinda Watters – the great-great granddaughter of John H. Hodges – and served a dual purpose. Not only was it an apology from her family to the Arthurs for the lynching, but the event – which took place at the Red River Valley Veterans Memorial – also honored Herman Arthur’s service in World War I.

Several Arthur family descendants -- coming from three states -- attended the ceremony. Before COVID-19 caused the event to become smaller, more than 50 family members had planned to attend. 

“I lament the monstrous lynching and murder of Herman and Irving Arthur,” Watters said at the event. “I am saddened that your family had to flee the Paris community and start over.

“I am sorry for the way the white community and my family and myself have been complacent in both my bias against Black people and in accordance with a system that continues to disproportionately allow violence upon their bodies.”

Though attendance at the ceremony was limited because of social-distancing restrictions, but it was broadcast on social media by The Paris News and the Community Remembrance Coalition’s Facebook page.

Janese Walton-Roberts speaks

The Arthur family descents hold up a plaque that honors Herman Arthur’s World War I service. Janese Walton-Roberts, an Arthur family member, spoke at the ceremony held at the Red River Valley Veterans Memorial in Paris.

Janese Walton-Roberts, an Arthur family descendant, spoke to The Paris News about the importance and significance of the ceremony.

“I didn’t think I would ever be in this place; it’s not a place any of our family ever wanted to come back to,” Walton-Roberts said. “[But] the time has come for forgiveness, and this is a perfect time,” making references to the Black Lives Matter movement prevailing in the United States and the death of George Floyd.

Rev. Rob Spencer, senior pastor at First UMC Paris, took part in the ceremony along with two African American pastors -- Dr. Shay Bills and Rev. Gary Savage. During research for a sermon he delivered six years ago, Rev. Spencer discovered ties between his church and the lynching (one of the accused vigilante leaders was a First UMC Paris member).

Several members of the Hodges family also were members of First UMC Paris, and the pastor. Rev. Bob Shuller, attempted to stop the lynching at the county jail ... though he later said: "If the Negro race will show its appreciation by living as these good men desire them to live, much of the errors of the past will be removed from the path of their race. We can never save the Negro until he decides to become an honest, tireless, faithful helper of the white man who desires to defend him."

An ardent supporter of racial reconciliation, Rev. Spencer was taken aback when, after delivering that sermon, he realized not many white people knew the history of the lynching. He believes that great action and changes in attitudes and culture in the Paris community can come out of this summer’s remembrance ceremony.

“White silence is contagious and is how many of us have learned to live in the communities we love,” he said. “We are reminded not to rock the boat, not to stir up trouble, don’t bring up the dark past.

“White privilege in America has meant the luxury of remaining silent about racism as it literally destroys Black lives. White voices must be lifted up, must learn to speak, must learn to crawl out of our holes and speak for liberty and justice for all.”

Watters, Dr. Bills, Rev. Savage and Rev. Spencer also are working with the Equal Justice Initiative and hope to establish a memorial for the Arthur family.


Published: Wednesday, September 2, 2020

Added by Peter McNabb

Awesome work, Paris! Thank you Rev. Rob Spencer for your willingness to pull back the curtain and allow the Light of Heaven to shine in to the darkness of our past. And present.
Added by Anonymous

It’s never too late to face the horrors of the past. Let us not replace them with new horrors.
Added by Elizabeth Snapp

Thank you so much for sharing this information with all of us. This is the way healing can begin. There must be a stop to injustice against any of God's children! We are responsible for loving everyone; it is the great commandment and all of us must continue to work against injustice.
Added by Anonymous

Fine work, Rob! You are clearly motivated by your love of the Gospel in this. I am proud to know you!
Added by David Weber

I’m very moved by this event, this recognition, the family members, and the church and community people who made it possible. Thank you.
Added by Rev. Ginger Gaines-Cirelli

This is courageous and faithful leadership. Thank you, Ms. Watters, Dr. Bills, Rev. Savage and Rev. Spencer. Rob, you inspire me. You’re a gift to the church. Grateful for you, brother.
Added by Pastor Lee Elder

The nation needs to repent for 400 years of horror it has inflicted on Black bodies and the souls of Black people. Paris is a step in the right direction. Keep at it.
Added by Historian

Added by S Dianna Masters

This was an awesome event. I watched it from my home. Thanks Pastor Rod Spencer for all your work.
Added by Linda Bates Leali, Gibbons HS Class of 1965

Born and reared in Paris, I vividly recall that because of the lynching, it was a long time before I was allowed to go to the fairgrounds. I wish my long-deceased mother and aunt and other relatives were alive to hear about a long overdue apology evidenced by this event.
Added by Barbara Jones, UMW Action Coord, Westchester UMC

If everyone does a little wherever he she or they are we will begin to move the rock of intolerance bigotry hatred and systemic racism. We are our brothers keepers and as Christians we must step up. Do our homework. Give our grandchildren's grandchildren a future life of hope happiness and love. Thank GOD for Rev Spencer and the Arthur family for moving the process of reconciliation and healing forward. Jesus is on the mainline. AMEN.
Added by Anonymous

I'm very thankful for the vision and leadership of Melinda Watters. It was an honor to be on the team with her, Dr. Shay Bills and Rev. Gary Savage!
Here is the full service link:
Added by Barbara Colihan

Thank you for sharing this story. It needs to be heard.
Added by Victor H. Nixon

Cousin Rob,
Thanks so much for your efforts in drawing attention to our church's continuing need to learn about and address our racist past!
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